Crohn's disease can affect any age group and is characterised by inflammation of the lining of digestive tract. It can affect any part of the digestive tract.
Symptoms depend on the part of GI Tract involvement. Common symptoms are:
- Abdominal pain
- Blood mixed in stools
- Weight loss
- Mouth ulcers
- Joint pains
- Perianal abscess or Fistulae
- Blood test
- Stool tests
- Small bowel MRI or X-ray with Barium contrast
- Most cases are managed with drugs.
- Surgery is reserved for complications of Crohn's disease eg narrowing of the bowel lumen, abscess formation, failure of medical treatment.
- Surgery is best performed by a colorectal surgeon with interest in the management of inflammatory bowel disease.
- Primary operations can be performed by Laparoscopic approach