Crohn's Disease

Crohn's disease can affect any age group and is characterised by inflammation of the lining of digestive tract. It can affect any part of the digestive tract.

Symptoms:

Symptoms depend on the part of GI Tract involvement. Common symptoms are:

  • Diarrhoea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Blood mixed in stools
  • Weight loss
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Joint pains
  • Perianal abscess or Fistulae

Investigations:

  • Blood test
  • Stool tests
  • Colonoscopy
  • Small bowel MRI or X-ray with Barium contrast

Treatment:

  • Most cases are managed with drugs.
  • Surgery is reserved for complications of Crohn's disease eg narrowing of the bowel lumen, abscess formation, failure of medical treatment.
  • Surgery is best performed by a colorectal surgeon with interest in the management of inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Primary operations can be performed by Laparoscopic approach