Ulcerative Colitis

Symptoms:

  • Diarrhoea containing blood, mucous or pus
  • Urgency to go to the toilet with increased frequency
  • Abdominal pain
  • The severity of the symptoms depends on the degree and extent of inflammation

Investigations:

  • Blood tests
  • Stool analysis
  • Colonoscopy

Treatment:

  • Mainstay of treatment is medical with drugs.
  • Surgery is indicated where disease is not controlled by medications or patient starts getting serious side effects of medical treatment.
  • Ulcerative Colitis has a small but definite risk of developing bowel cancer. This risk depends on the duration, extent and severity of inflammation.
  • The surgery for UC usually involves removal of all the large bowel (Total colectomy) with an ileostomy (stoma) formation. Some patients can have a reconstructive operation to restore bowel continuity (ileo-anal pouch).
  • The surgery for UC can be performed with laparoscopic approach (Keyhole).